††††††††††† Along with many other great findings, cheese was discovered by accident.† According to history, a traveling Arabic merchant had brought some milk along for his journeys.† The pouch in which he placed the milk was lined by that of the stomach of a sheep.† As he traveled, the heat from the sun activated the enzyme, rennin, found in the stomach lining.† This made the milk turn into its liquid whey and solid curd or cheese components.† And thus cheese was revealed.†
††††††††† The exact time of the
appearance of cheese is unknown.†
However, cheese has its earliest record dating back to the ancient
Sumerians circa de 3500BC.† It is
believed to have been in wider use in
††††††††† The Middle Ages show a decline in the production and consumption of cheese.† The process was mainly carried out by monks in the European monasteries.† The monks studied the process of curing the cheese and its effects, which lead to improved ripening techniques.† Brie and Camembert are examples of the cheese types that were developed.
††††† Cheese arrived in
††††††††† The process has had many developments throughout history.† Nowadays, instead of using the enzyme, rennin, a synthetic chymotrypsin derivative is sometimes used, along with extracts from molds and plants.† The plethora of flavors is due to the manipulation of a variety of factors including:††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††
1. The kind of milk used = cow, sheep, goat, buffalo, reindeer, camel, yak, etc.†††††††††
2. The curding, cutting, cooking, and forming methods.
3. The type of bacteria or mold used in ripening.
4. The amount of salt/other seasonings added.
5. The ripening and curing conditions = temperature, humidity, time, etc.†
With over 2000 types, cheese is one of the most versatile foods in the world.†
about one third of the milk produced in the
History of Cheese
The Cheese Process
History of Cheese